The following information is to help you interpret your results, but keep in mind that your doctor will know what personalized advice is best for you. Goals can vary based on your individual risk factors. So, please share these results with your doctor to know your specific health status.
GLU = Glucose or "Blood Sugar"
When you have not eaten for 8 to10 hours, a “normal” result would be less than 99. Pre-Diabetes is associated with scores of 100 to 125, and a result of 126 or higher is used to make the diagnosis of diabetes.
You can significantly reduce your risk of diabetes by being purposefully active for 30 minutes a day (or 3.5 hours a week), increasing fruit, vegetable, whole grain and fiber intake, reducing intake of sugary drinks, and, if you are overweight, losing 5 to10 percent of your current body weight. These actions can reduce your risk for diabetes by as much as 90 percent!
CHOL = Total Cholesterol
A high level increases your risk of heart attack, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease. Total cholesterol results for most should be less than 200 mg/dl.
These are fats made from sugar. If you have more than 150 mg/dl of Triglycerides in your blood, you are putting yourself at risk for a heart attack or stoke.
HDL: High density lipoprotein or "good cholesterol"
This helps prevent and remove build-up of cholesterol inside arteries. If you have over 60 mg/dl of HDL in your blood, you are actually protecting your heart from heart disease. The higher your number, the better.
LDL: Low density lipoprotein or "bad cholesterol"
For most, if you have more than 130 mg/dl of LDL in your blood, you are putting yourself at increased risk for a heart attack or stroke. The lower your number, the better.
VLDL: Very low density lipoprotein.
This number reflects triglyceride levels.
All of these blood fats or "lipid" numbers improve with exercise, lower saturated fat and trans-fat intake, increased fiber intake, decreased intake of sugary foods, and weight loss for those who are overweight. Stopping smoking improves the HDL cholesterol and reduces your risks immensely.
Take steps now to improve your health. And, don’t forget to share these results with your doctor.